First record of coral reef-associated mantis shrimp from Indian Ocean

Gonodactylopsis drepanophora

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca Latreille, 1802

Order: Stomatopoda Latreille, 1817

Family: Gonodactylidae Giesbrecht, 1910

Gonodactylopsis drepanophora (de Man, 1902)

Collection: Andaman Sea, 10.72°N, 92.71°E, 53 m, 10.08.2019 (FORVSS 388, St. 06), Chain dredge.

Voucher No.: CMLRE IO/SS/DEN/00008

Description: Body subcylindrical, convex. Ocular scales are rounded and separate; the anterior margin of ophthalmic somite is triangular, small distal point. Antennular somite dorsal processes low, margin irregular. Antennal protopod with articulated plate dorsally, small distoventral spine; antennal scale with setose margins, length 0.31 CL. Rostral plate trispinous, median spine slender, not reaching corneal base, lateral spines wider, directed anterolaterally. Carapace angles rounded; dorsal surface smooth, carinae absent; gastric grooves present. Mandibular palp with 2 articles. Raptorial claw propodus occlusal margin sparsely pectinate proximally, bearing 1 movable spine proximally; dactylus outer margin strongly inflated proximally, with basal notch; occlusal margin finely serrated distally. Abdominal somite 6 dorsal surface with submedian, intermediate, and lateral bosses terminating in the spine. Telson submedian teeth are long, with movable apices, bearing 5–6 blunt dorsal spines; intermediate teeth moderately long, bearing 1 pair of blunt dorsal spines; lateral teeth sharp, shorter than half the length of intermediate teeth; 13 submedian denticles. Dorsal surface with median carina weakly inflated, terminating in the blunt tooth, followed by the blunt median spine; accessory median carinae with 2 pairs of posterior directed short spines; anterior submedian carinae terminating posteriorly in the blunt spine, followed by 5 blunt spines, anterior 4 spines in two pairs, fifth spine at the base of a submedian tooth; short spine on the inner side of the base of a submedian tooth; anterior intermediate carina bearing 3 spines, posteriormost spine located at the base of the intermediate tooth. Ventral surface smooth, submedian, and intermediate teeth with longitudinal carina.

Biological association: None.

Remarks: First distributional record from the Indian Ocean.

Distribution: Indonesia: Ternate, Halmahera, Timor, Ambon Bay, Maluku, and Andaman Islands, India; present record extends the zoogeographical range westwards. Depth range: 34–80 m.

Distribution map:

Identified by: Vinay P. Padate

Publication: Padate V.P., Ahyong S.T., Aleesha K.S., Sherine Sonia Cubelio, Saravanane N. (2021) First records of two species of reef-associated mantis shrimps (Crustacea: Stomatopoda) from India. Zootaxa.

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